PWYP calls for greater public scrutiny of the deals that are signed between governments and extractive industry companies. The contracting process itself should be fully open, from tendering to award. The content of the contract, lease or concession agreement should be accessible to the citizenry. PWYP pushes for the adoption of open competitive bidding rounds as a best practice and a preferable option to the closed-door negotiated deal types that some countries use.
Contracts, licenses and production sharing agreements dictate the terms by which a company agrees to exploit a country’s natural resources. They can determine how a one-off payment the company has to make for the right to exploit to the share of profits they have to give to the government. You can find out more details about contracts in the extractive industry sourcebook .
Contract negotiation is an important point along the value chain where money can be siphoned off and lost to corruption. Increased transparency in this process will reduce the chances of this happening so that all citizens can benefit from the sale of their natural resources.
The fiscal terms contained within the contracts dictate how much companies will pay. With contract transparency, citizens can assess whether companies are paying what they ought to pay. Publishing contracts will also give citizens the opportunity to monitor compliance with and adherence to the contract.
If contracts remain opaque, citizens have no way of knowing whether they are getting a fair deal for their resources and no means of finding out where the money goes.
PWYP is currently campaigning to include contract transparency in the scope of the EITI. The EITI launched a strategy working group in the summer of 2011 to facilitate discussion on the future direction of the initiative. It is as part of this review that PWYP members aim to introduce contract transparency to the principles and criteria of EITI.
At the regional level, PWYP Africa has made contract transparency a key part of its agenda over the forthcoming years. This includes collaborating with regional bodies such as the African Development Bank and African Union as well as promoting the exchange of lessons learned and experiences across African coalitions. Many PWYP coalitions campaign at the national level for contract disclosure.
This map shows which governments have published extractive contracts and provides links to these. Countries with a dark blue marker have published all their extractive contracts online. Countries with a light blue marker have only published some contracts, or have legislated to publish contracts but have not yet done so.
This map is still in its early phases, please email firstname.lastname@example.org if you think that there are any mistakes or omissions.
View this map on a full page.