Mongolia’s natural resources include coal, copper, silver, iron, phosphates, gold, uranium, and petroleum. From 2000-2003 copper and gold accounted for an average of 46% of total exports and 24% of GDP. It has an estimated 100 billion tonnes of coal reserves, the production of which has increased as China’s demand has risen.

Sources: IMF, RWI, US State gov

For more on Mongolia’s extractive sector, read Open Oil’s “Ten minute briefings - Extractives in Mongolia”

EITI status: compliant
Visit Mongolia’s EITI page

Dorjdari Namkhaijantsan
Languages spoken by contact: English/Mongolian

Recent activities

Mongolia produced its first EITI report in January. The ‘Publish What You Pay and Earn’ national coalition of NGOs highlighted concerns over major unexplained discrepancies in reported revenues and payments - the payments reported by companies exceeded the revenues reported by the government by approximately 97 billion tugrugs. An additional discrepancy of 25 billion tugrugs could not be explained by the audit report.

Coalition members

Alumni Association of Irkutsk Economics
Ariun Suvarga Movement
Association of Protecting Khan-Khentii Father Khatan-Onon Mother
Call of Hongor Land
Center for Human Right and Development
Federation of Mongolian Trade Unions
Hangai Han Regional Network for environmental protection
Il Tod Baidal Foundation
Khuvsgul Lake Patrons
Land of My Mongolia Movement
Mongolian Environmental Protection Association
Mongolian Foundation of Environmental Salvation
Mongolian Taimen Protection Association
Mongolian Young Scientists’ Association of Technology and Innovation
Movement of protecting Buir Lake, Khalkh river, Numrug’s basins
“Onon Ulz” River Movement
Open Society Forum
Responsible Mining Initiative for Sustainable Development
Right Reflection
Steps without Borders
The Mongolian Association for Tul fish protection, Association for Protecting Environment and Nature
Uuguul Movement
Zorig Foundation