Natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead and zinc. Large offshore reserves of oil were discovered in the 1960s, with production starting in the 1970s. Norway is currently the world’s third-largest oil exporter and in 2010 gas and oil exports accounted for 46% of total exports. In 2011, the oil industry generated 28% of state revenues.
Sources: EITI, US State Department
EITI status: Compliant
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Visit PWYP Norway’s website.
The Norwegian chapter of the global campaign was founded in 2006 by four organisations who established themselves as an interim steering group in order to launch the campaign nationally. One main event at the time was the 4th Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) conference, held in Oslo on October 16th-17th, 2006. PWYP Norway secured civil society participation in the event and hosted an international strategy meeting for the global Publish What You Pay coalition on October 18th – 19th; coinciding with the EITI conference.
From that point onwards, the Norwegian coalition has grown and developed. Today, 16 Norwegian organisations have joined the coalition and the Publish What You Pay Norway campaign.
From 2006 to 2008 the secretariat was hosted by the organisation Future in Our Hands . From 2008 and up until now, the secretariat has been hosted by Norwegian Church Aid .
The coalition has had a strong focus on EITI, advocating for the Norwegian government to join the initiative and then supporting in its implementation. PWYP Norway has also been keenly engaged in capacity building for example developing, designing, implementing and overseeing TRACE, a capacity strengthening programme for NGOs, media and workers’ unions in resource rich countries in Africa and Latin-America. The coalition has also devoted a lot of effort towards the introduction of country-by-country reporting, both at the national level and – with its proximity to the EU – also in conjunction with the other European members.
20 – 22 November 2012 – PWYP Norway organised a conference entitled _ Financial secrecy, society and vested interests 2012_. More than 150 participants attended the three day event to discuss and debate a wide range of issues. Speakers included George A. Papandreou and Eva Joly.
21 September 2011 – PWYP Norway organised a seminar and panel debate to launch their report Piping Profits. The report revealed that one third of extractive companies’ subsidiaries were located in secrecy jurisdictions.
23 May 2011 – PWYP Norway and Norwegian investor KLP hosted the Oslo Dialogue meeting which brought together high level Norwegian and EU officials with investors, regulators and representatives of capital markets to discuss reporting standard developments in the EU and the US and the role Norway can play in this campaign.
The message from the investors was clear as they called on Norway to take the lead in country by country reporting standards. Participants pointed to Norway’s identity and reputation as a progressive and innovative country. Raymond Baker director of Global Financial Integritystated, “Even though Norway is a small country it has a huge influence internationally. If Norway starts, the rest of the world will follow”.