Mauritania’s predominant natural resources are minerals (iron ore, gypsum, copper phosphate, gold and diamonds) as well as fish and petrol. From 2000 – 2005 iron ore represented 53.4% of its total exports and made up 16.2% of the country’s GDP. Mauritania ranks 15th in the world’s list of iron ore producers, producing 11,000 of tonnes of iron ore in 2010. Oil production started in 2006 and Mauritania’s proven and probable oil reserves have been estimated at around 600 million barrels.
CIA World Factbook, EITI, IMF Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency, USGS
EITI status: Compliant
Visit Mauritania’s EITI page
The coalition in Mauritania was launched in August 2006 and is made up of a central coalition office ; a steering committee and a technical team. It focuses on four specific issues: the implementation of EITI in Mauritania ; influencing national legislation ; promoting social responsibility through transparency in the use of revenues and campaigning for transparency of contracts. Some of its greatest achievements include the training of thematic groups in advocacy techniques and the special dispensation toward extractive cities included in the state’s budget.
In terms of activities, three broad areas of work emerged in 2010 – 2013: capacity building, awareness raising among elected officials and citizens and building relationships with officials.
PWYP Mauritania operates throughout the country, as well as in the capital. In Akjoujt, a PWYP pressure group focuses on the rights of communities.
In Zonerate, a PWYP working group works on protecting the rights of workers.
While in Noudhibou, a PWYP working group focuses on environmental impact.
29 January 2013 – PWYP Mauritania’s technical coordinator published a paper on Mauritania’s progress, or lack of, on EITI
26 December 2012 – PWYP Mauritania organised an open day at the University of Nouakchott. At the end of the workshop, participants elected three students to serve as focal points.
20 – 22 December 2012 – PWYP members underwent a three day training in budget and strategy planning.
26 November 2012 – PWYP Mauritania organised a workshop to exchange information with key civil servants working on technical issues.
4 – 11 November 2012 – PWYP Mauritania organised a capacity building caravan through Kiffa, Aoiun and Néma.
10- 11 July 2012 – PWYP Mauritania held a capacity building workshops for its members in Akjoujt, Zouerate and Nouadhibou on advocacy and lobbying. Following the workshop, those attending went back to their regions using their newly gained skills to identify advocacy targets, priorities and challenges and draw up an advocacy strategy based on these.
23- 24 June 2012 – PWYP Mauritania organised a training session for its regional committee members in Zouerate on organisational effectiveness, leadership, governance etc…
21 – 22 June 2012 – PWYP Mauritania organised a training session for its regional committee members in Akjoujt on organisational effectiveness, leadership, governance etc…
February 2012 – Mauritania is declared EITI compliant.
8 – 15 January 2012 – PWYP Mauritania went on an exchange visit to Mali, to learn from their experiences in the protection of the rights of communities
PWYP members organised awareness raising activities, including radio debates in the four national languages (Hassaniya, Pular, Soninké and Wolof), televised debates and promoting their issues through the independent press.
8 – 11 December 2011 – The coalition organised a workshop to train local and regional NGOs to better engage with the EITI. Sessions covered the objectives of the EITI and the role civil society can play in its implementation. Participants also analysed and evaluated the Mauritanian EITI report of 2009 and provided recommendations as to how these reports can be improved in the future.
29 June 2011 – The Mauritanian coalition held an extraordinary Assembly General. The members elected and installed a new coalition board comprised of six members.