Despite a burgeoning resource economy, Papua New Guinea struggles to translate resource revenue into development. One of the country’s principal challenges has been effectively governing the extractive sector, which has historically been a source of grievance and conflict for communities living near mining sites. Three of Papua New Guinea’s mines are among the six worst water-polluting mines in the world. To help address these challenges, the PNG Resource Governance Coalition joined PWYP in 2017. Launched in March 2015, its primary purpose is to coordinate and facilitate civil society participation in EITI implementation.