< All the resources

Many ways to lose a billion

Countries rich in oil, gas and minerals often fail to secure a fair share of their natural resource wealth. Revenue loss from the extractive sector is particularly significant given the large
number of countries that depend on natural resource revenues for a substantial portion of their annual budgets. Companies employ a wide range of strategies to minimize their payments to
governments. Their efforts to avoid tax are facilitated by weak institutions, inadequate policies and regulations, badly negotiated contracts, and insufficient government monitoring and auditing.

This report, by PWYP Canada, responds to a persistent question: is my government receiving its fair share of revenues from extractive sector projects? While no single report can specify what constitutes a fair share for every resource project, by identifying and illustrating the common pathways to government revenue loss in the extractive sector, this report will help stakeholders pinpoint mechanisms and policies that can safeguard critical revenues.

Share this content:

Related Resources

RESOURCE |

Harnessing the Media: Exploring the Extent that Municipal Newspapers are Covering Stories on Mining, Oil, and Gas Tax Payments in Alberta, Canada

In light of PWYP’s efforts to promote training, learning, and access to information by citizens, the question arises: To what extent are insights from disclosure reports being shared and understood by communities who host mining, oil, and gas projects in Canada? This project set out to contact journalists at Canadian municipal newspapers with the aim…

Read Download
RESOURCE |

PWYP Data Extractors Programme Evaluation Report

This is a report of the findings from a learning focused evaluation of Publish What You Pay’s (PWYP) innovative Data Extractors’ (DE) programme. The programme, supported by the Omidyar Network, the Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) and Oxfam Denmark, was a direct response to the publication of the first mandatory disclosure (‘payments to governments’) reports…

Read Download
RESOURCE |

Draft EITI constituency guidelines for civil society

The members of the EITI Association (Article 7.2) are organised in three constituencies (Article 5.2): governments, companies and civil society. Constituencies decide on their rules governing appointment of Members (Article 5.3) and nominate Board members and their alternates for the Members’ Meeting to elect (Article 8.1(ii)). The EITI Board agreed on the guidance and principles…

Read Download